Posted on: 2018-11-26 16:32:07
The "Alexandru Borza" Botanical Garden in Cluj was founded in 1920, officially opened 5 years later. The foundations of this scientific, didactic and educational institution were put forward by Alexandru Borza.
The garden has an area of 14 hectares, where there are about 10,000 plant species from all over the world, grouped in several sectors: phyto-geographic, systematic, ornamental, economic, the greenhouse complex and the sector for visually impaired people.
The Phytogeographical Sector groups plants from different geographic regions. The Japanese Garden, set in the traditional gyo-no-niwa style, represents the Orient. Tourists can also walk through the Roman Garden, also known as Pliny's garden, dominated by the statue of Ceres. In the Roman Garden there are archaeological vestiges from the ancient Roman colony of Napoca.
The Systematic Sector groups the plants according to the family they are part of, as well as their location on the phylogenetic evolution scale.
In the Ornamental Sector, visitors can admire plant species as well as decorative horticultural varieties that change their color and shape after the season, such as roses, tulips, daffodils, dahlias, gladioli, lilies and hyacinths.
In the Economic Sector, visitors can see plants grouped by their mode of use, with the following categories: food, technical plants, honey, fodder and tincture.
The aquarium, the palmarium, the Mediterranean and Australian herbs, the bromeliacea greenhouse, the orchids and ferns, and the greenhouse with juicy plants are found in the greenhouse complex.
Botanical Garden Herbarium, located at the building floor, is the largest and most important herbarium in Romania, with a collection of 750,000 sheets of pressed plants. This herbarium was the basis for elaborating the work in 13 volumes - "Romanian Flora".
Interesting to know is that this botanical garden is visited every year by 150,000 people, being a symbol of Cluj.
If we made you curious, go on your way to visit the Botanical Garden "Alexandru Borza" from Cluj!